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Energy in


produces more than a third of its electricity (38%) from hydropower which originates from three hydroelectric power plants on the Daugava River. The remainder of its self-generated electricity comes from two large combustion power plants near Riga which employ natural gas and, in cases of emergency if natural gas is not available, heavy oil (mazut) is utilised. Peat (apart from wood) is the only primary fuel Latvia produces and contributes a good fifth to the energy from fossil fuels.
Petroleum, natural gas and coal have to be entirely imported (mainly from Russia). A small proportion of energy requirements is covered by electricity imported from Estonia (electricity generated from oil shale power plants near Narva). In 1995 the German company PreussenElektra had already erected a pilot-windpark on the border to Estonia near Ainaži , which was followed by a larger project near Liepaja, yet the supply of wind energy is negligible. The Latvian Energy supplier Latvenergo was involved in the Visaginas nuclear power plant project which was jointly pursued by the Baltic States and Poland.